Optical characterization of ZnO nanoparticles capped with various surfactants

Singla, M.L. and Shafeeq, M.M. and Kumar, Manish (2009) Optical characterization of ZnO nanoparticles capped with various surfactants. Journal of Luminescence, 129 (5). pp. 434-438. ISSN ISSN: 0022-2313

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...


The presence of surfactants (Hexamine, tetraethylammonium bromide (TEAB), cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), tetraoctylammonium bromide (TOAB) and PVP) on the surface of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles resulted variation in their optical properties. The optical properties of each surfactant-capped zinc oxide nanoparticles were investigated using UV–visible absorption and fluorescence techniques. The particle size of these nanoparticles were calculated from their absorption edge, and found to be in the quantum confinement range. The absorption spectra and fluorescent emission spectra showed a significant blue shift compared to that of the bulk zinc oxide. Large reduction in the intensity of visible emission of zinc oxide/surfactant was observed and these emissions were vanished more quickly, with the decrease in excitation energy, for the smaller nanoparticles. Out of the four surfactants (other than PVP), CTAB-capped zinc oxide has smallest particle size of 2.4 nm, as calculated from the absorption spectrum. Thus the presence of surfactant on the surface of zinc oxide plays a significant role in reducing defect emissions. Furthermore, ZnO/PVP nanoparticles showed no separate UV emission peak; however, the excitonic UV emission and the visible emission at 420 nm overlap to form a single broad band around 420 nm.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ZnO nanoparticles; Surfactant; Fluorescence; Absorption edge; Quantum-size effect
Subjects: CSIO > Nano Science and Nano Technology
Divisions: Agri - Instrumentation
Depositing User: Ms T Kaur
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2012 20:47
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2012 10:12
URI: http://csioir.csio.res.in/id/eprint/228

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