Magnetic Field-Guided Orientation of Carbon Nanotubes Through their Conjugation with Magnetic Nanoparticles

Kumar, Suresh and Kaur, Harsimran and Kaur, Harkiran and Kaur, Inderpreet and Keya, Dharamvir and Bharadwaj, L.M. (2012) Magnetic Field-Guided Orientation of Carbon Nanotubes Through their Conjugation with Magnetic Nanoparticles. Journal of Material Science, 47 (3). pp. 1489-1496. ISSN 0022-2461

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Low intensity magnetic fields (22mT) rendered by a pair of bar magnets have been used to achieve in situ precise orientation of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and their directional deposition on solid substrates. The nanotubes were imparted magnetic characteristics through Fe3O4 (magnetite) nanoparticles covalently attached to their surface. The side walls of nanotubes were first acid oxidized with H2SO4/HNO3 (3:1 v/v) mixture and amine-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles were then interfaced to ends and side walls of the nanotubes through covalent linkages in the presence of a zero length cross linker, 1-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide. Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopic investigations affirmed the functionalization of nanostructures and formation of a magnetic nanohybrid. Transmission electron microscopy results revealed the attachment of nanoparticles along the side walls of MWCNTs. A flow cell was utilized to orient magnetic nanohybrid in the desired direction and also to create thin films of aligned MWCNTs. Further, directional assembly of magnetic MWCNTs at different orientation angles on solid substrates was studied by field emission scanning electron microscopy and optical microscopy. The procedure can be scaled to align CNTs on large surface areas for numerous applications, e.g., nanosensors, field emitters, and composites.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: CSIO > Nano Science and Nano Technology
Depositing User: Ms. J Shrivastav
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2012 23:11
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2012 23:11

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