Fiber Bragg grating sensor for measurement of impact absorption capability of mouthguards

Tiwari, Umesh and Mishra, Vandana and Bhalla, Ashish and Singh, Nahar and Jain, S.C. and Garg, Harry and Raviprakash, Suryanarain and Grewal, Navneet and Kapur, Pawan (2011) Fiber Bragg grating sensor for measurement of impact absorption capability of mouthguards. Dental Traumatology, 27 (4). pp. 263-268. ISSN 1600-4469

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There is no standard technique to monitor impact absorption capability of mouthguards. Earlier investigations have established that strain transferred to the teeth through mouthguard is a good indication of their efficiency. In the present study, a unique experimental scheme utilizing fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) as distributed strain sensors is proposed and investigated to estimate impact absorption capability of custom-made mouthguard. The proposed methodology is useful due to advantages such as, very small size and flexibility for ease of bonding, self-referencing, and multiplexing capability of using FBG sensors. Material and methods: Finite-element analysis was performed to simulate the stress distribution due to impact on the mouthguard. The FBGs were fabricated by exposing the core of photosensitive fiber to intense Ultra-Violet light through a ‘phase mask’. One FBG sensor was bonded on the jaw model and another on the mouthguard surface at similar positions, so that both gratings are simultaneously affected by impact. Two different sets of the sensors were used, one for the anterior region and another for posterior region. The impact was produced using customized pendulum device with interchangeable impact objects i.e. cricket ball, hockey ball, and steel ball. Response of gratings was monitored using optical spectrum analyzer and strain induced due to each impact was determined from the Bragg wavelength shifts for each grating. Results and conclusions: Strain induced due to impact was calculated from the Bragg wavelength shifts. Difference in the strain values for the two gratings is interpreted as impact energy absorbed by the mouthguard. The Bragg wavelength shifts (induced strain) for FBG bonded on the jaw model was much lower than the shift for FBG bonded on the mouthguard, indicating that most of the impact energy is absorbed by the mouthguard.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: mouthguard; fbg; grate; bragg; sensor; bragg grate; fiber bragg; impact; fiber; strain; ball; absorption; wavelength shift; capability; bond
Subjects: CSIO > Applied Physics
Depositing User: Ms. J Shrivastav
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2012 22:54
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2012 22:54

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