Influence of Temperature on Reducing Gas Sensing Performance of Nanocrystalline Zinc Ferrite

Tyagi, Sachin and Batra, Nitika and Paul, A.K. (2015) Influence of Temperature on Reducing Gas Sensing Performance of Nanocrystalline Zinc Ferrite. Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, 68 (5). pp. 707-713. ISSN 0972-2815

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Pure phase, zinc ferrite (ZnFe2O4) nanoparticles were synthesized at lower temperature (80 °C) by auto combustion synthesis method. The resulting ‘as synthesized’ powder was heat treated (HT) at 560 °C for 2 h in air atmosphere. As-synthesized particles had sizes ~10 nm with spherical shape. Further, these spherically shaped nanoparticles tended to change their morphology to hexagonal plate shape with increasing HT temperature. The band gap of the ‘as synthesized’ and HT zinc ferite, as determined by using UV–Vis spectroscopy were found to be 1.92 and 1.86 eV respectively. Gas responses of the ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles were measured by exposing them to ethanol gas vapors. It was found that the zinc ferrite nanoparticles exhibited various sensing responses to ethanol gas at different operating temperature. The best sensitivity was observed at low temperature for ‘as synthesized’ ferrite nanoparticles than HT zinc ferrite nanoparticles. Sensing material that had smaller particle size and larger specific surface area was observed to have larger gas sensitivity and vice-versa.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Auto combustion; Ferrites; Sensors
Subjects: CSIO > Nano Science and Nano Technology
Divisions: Nano Science and Nano Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Jyotsana
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2018 12:07
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2018 12:07

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