Ultrasensitive and Selective Sensing of Selenium Using Nitrogen-Rich Ligand Interfaced Carbon Quantum Dots

Devi, Pooja and Thakur, Anupma and Chopra, Shweta and Kaur, Navneet and Kumar, Praveen and Singh, Narinder and Kumar, Mahesh and Shivaprasad, S.M. and Nayak, M.K. (2017) Ultrasensitive and Selective Sensing of Selenium Using Nitrogen-Rich Ligand Interfaced Carbon Quantum Dots. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9 (15). pp. 13448-13456. ISSN 1944-8244 (print); 1944-8252 (online)

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Official URL: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acsami.7b0099...


This work reports a label-free, ultrasensitive, and selective optical chemosensory system for trace level detection of selenite (SeO32-), the most toxic form of selenium, in water. The probe, i.e., carbon quantum dots (CQDs), is designed from citric acid by means of pyrolysis and is interfaced with a newly synthesized nitrogen-rich ligand to create a selective sensor platform (functionalized CQDs, fCQDs) for selenite in a water matrix. Spectral (NMR, UV-vis, photoluminescence, Raman, and Fourier transform infrared analyses) and structural (high-resolution transmission electron microscopy) characteristics of the designed new probe were investigated. The developed sensor exhibits high sensitivity (limit of detection = 0.1 ppb), a wide detection range (0.1-1000 ppb range, relative standard deviation: 3.2%), and high selectivity even in the presence of commonly interfering ions reported to date, including Cl-, NO3-, NO2-, Br-, F-, As(V), As(III), Cu2+, Pb2+, Cd2+, Zn2+, Sr2+, Rb2+, Na+, Ca2+, Cs+, K+, Mg2+, Li+, NH4+, Co2+, etc. The observed selectivity is due to designed ligand characteristics in terms of strong Se-N chemistry. Ultrafast spectroscopic analysis of the fCQDs in the absence and presence of selenite was studied to understand the sensing mechanism. The sensor was successfully exemplified for real water samples and exhibits comparative performance to conventional ion channel chromatography as well as flame atomic absorption spectroscopy for selenite analysis. The promising results pave ways for realization of a field deployable device based upon a developed probe for selenite quantification in water.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbon quantum dots; fluorescence; ligand; selenite; sensor; UFS; water
Subjects: CSIO > Materials Science
Divisions: Agri - Instrumentation
Depositing User: Ms. Jyotsana
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2018 17:24
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2018 17:24
URI: http://csioir.csio.res.in/id/eprint/717

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