Engineered nano particles: Nature, behavior, and effect on the environment

Goswami, Linee and Kim, Ki-Hyun and Deep, Akash and Das, Pallabi and Bhattacharya, S.S. and Kumar, Sandeep and Adelodun, A.A. (2017) Engineered nano particles: Nature, behavior, and effect on the environment. Journal of Environmental Management, 196. pp. 297-315. ISSN 0301-4797

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL:


Increased application of engineered nano particles (ENPs) in production of various appliances and consumer items is increasing their presence in the natural environment. Although a wide variety of nano particles (NPs) are ubiquitously dispersed in ecosystems, risk assessment guidelines to describe their ageing, direct exposure, and long-term accumulation characteristics are poorly developed. In this review, we describe what is known about the life cycle of ENPs and their impact on natural systems and examine if there is a cohesive relationship between their transformation processes and bio-accessibility in various food chains. Different environmental stressors influence the fate of these particles in the environment. Composition of solid media, pore size, solution chemistry, mineral composition, presence of natural organic matter, and fluid velocity are some environmental stressors that influence the transformation, transport, and mobility of nano particles. Transformed nano particles can reduce cell viability, growth and morphology, enhance oxidative stress, and damage DNA in living organisms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Engineered nano particles; Transformation; Retention; Distribution; Bio availability; Eco-toxicity
Subjects: CSIO > Nano Science and Nano Technology
Divisions: Nano Science and Nano Technology
Depositing User: Ms T Kaur
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2019 15:48
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2019 15:48

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item