Magnetically retrievable Ce-doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles as scaffolds for the removal of azo dyes

, aashima and Uppal, Shivani and Gautam, Sanjeev and Singh, Suman and R.J., Choudhary and S.K., Mehta (2019) Magnetically retrievable Ce-doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles as scaffolds for the removal of azo dyes. RSC Advances, 9 (40). pp. 23129-23141. ISSN Online only: ISSN 2046-2069

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Considering the significant impact of magnetically retrievable nanostructures, herein, Fe3O4 and Ce-doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles were employed as scaffolds for the removal of the Reactive Black 5 (RB5) azo dye. We synthesized the Ce-doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles via hydrothermal treatment at 120 °C for 10 h with varying cerium concentrations (1.5–3.5%) and characterized them using basic techniques such as FTIR and UV-visible spectroscopy, and XRD analysis. The retention of their magnetic behaviors even after cerium amalgamation was demonstrated and confirmed by the VSM results. FESEM and EDX were used for the morphological and purity analysis of the synthesized nanoabsorbents. XPS was carried out to determine the electronic configuration of the synthesized samples. The porosity of the magnetic nanoparticles was investigated by BET analysis, and subsequently, the most porous sample was further used in the adsorption studies for the cleanup of RB5 from wastewater. The dye adsorption studies were probed via UV-visible spectroscopy, which indicated the removal efficiency of 87%. The prepared Ce-doped Fe3O4 nanoabsorbent showed the high adsorption capacity of 84.58 mg g−1 towards RB5 in 40 min. This is attributed to the electrostatic interactions between the nanoabsorbent and the dye molecules and high porosity of the prepared sample. The adsorption mechanism was also analyzed. The kinetic data well-fitted the pseudo-first-order model, and the adsorption capability at different equilibrium concentrations of the dye solution indicated monolayer formation and chemisorption phenomena. Furthermore, the magnetic absorbent could be rapidly separated from the wastewater using an external magnetic field after adsorption.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: CSIO > Nano Science and Nano Technology
Depositing User: Ms T Kaur
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2020 11:51
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2020 11:51

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